Woodend Primary School Newsletter

29 November 2018
Issue 38
LOST PROPERTY
2018 Calendar
From the Principal, Diana Ellis
From the Office
WPS Cultural Inclusion Day
Senior Unit
Carlsruhe Annexe
Middle Unit 
Junior Unit
Student Awards & Achievements
Canteen
Library
Movember 2018
Lapathon
Gardening Group
Student Banking
Uniform Shop
Community News
Michael Grose: Parent Insights
School Information
Woodend Primary School
(03) 5427 2455
Owen Street,
Woodend, Victoria, 3442
AU

LOST PROPERTY

Lost Property

  • is your child having difficulty reading their library book?
  • is your child having a spot of trouble telling the time?
  • has your child been locked out of the house recently?

The answer might be in the office lost property box. 

Please take a look to see whether you recognise any item, ask your child(ren) if they recognise anything and if yes, please come up to the office to collect your winning item(s).

 

2018 Calendar

2018 Camp Dates

  • 5-7 December - Year 4

November

Fri 30/11

Year 3-6 Orienteering at Hanging Rock

Snr Unit hosting Whole School Disco

  • $2.00 entry in the WPS Hall
  • Prep - Yr 3: 4.15 pm - 5.15 pm
  • Yr 4 - Yr 6: 5.30 pm - 8.30 pm

December

Saturday 1/12

Alex's Guitar concert

Mon 3/12

Strings concert at 7 pm

Tue 4/12

Dress UP day for Cultural Inclusion Day 

Wed 5/12 - Fri 7/12

Year 4 Camp

Wed 5/12

PFA meeting at 7.30 pm

Tue 11/12

Whole School - Transition Morning

Wed 12/12

Whole School Concert  - 5.30 pm arrive for a 6.30 pm start

PFA BBQ 5.30-6.30 pm

Thur 13/12

Year 4/5 Project Display for parents.  Woodend at 9am / Carlsruhe at 2pm

Fri 14/12

PFA will draw Christmas Raffle at Assembly 3 pm

Tue 18/12

Year 6 Graduation - 6 pm dinner, 7.30 pm start

Wed 19/12

Yr 6 excursion

Yr 4/5 BUPA  visit at 2 pm (singing carols) 

Sushi Day

Friday 21st December

  • LAST DAY OF TERM.   
  • 1.30 PM FINISH

2019 School Dates

Term 1 -30.01.2019 - 05.04.2019

  • All students (except Foundation) commence Wed 30th January 2019
  • Foundation (Prep) students start Thurs 31st January 2019

Foundation students do not attend Wednesdays for the month of February 2019.

 

Term 2  -  23.04.2019 - 28.06.2019

Term 3  -  05.07.2019 - 20.09.2019

Term 4  -  07.10.2019 - 20.12.2019

2019 Pupil Free Days

  • Tuesday 29th January
  • Friday 8th March
  • Thursday 27th June
  • Monday 4th November

2019 Camp Dates

Year 2 - 16-17 October

Year 3 - 18-20 September

Year 4 - 4-6  December (TBC)

Year 5 - 27-29 November

Year 6 - 30 April - 3 May

2019 School Photo Day

Monday 29th April 

From the Principal,
Diana Ellis

Coles opening

This week we had the pleasure of being part of the Coles Grand opening. A talented group of students performed at the opening with our very talented music teacher, Mr. Bromley.

We would like to thank Coles for this opportunity and also express our appreciation for the support they have provided in supplying all goods to $500 in value for our election barbecue and Year 6 fundraising.

We look forward to continuing a positive community relationship with Coles.

 

Teachers leaving

Although we have already informed you that Mrs. Buchanan and Mrs. Gathercole are retiring and Mrs. Lenders is taking a year’s leave, we also have some other announcements regarding staffing for next year. In farewelling these people we are losing a wealth of experience and a lifetime commitment as educators.

Recently we have been informed that Miss Edwards and Mr. Bruns have secured positions at other schools.

In their short period of time at Woodend Primary School they have been huge assets and have demonstrated a passion for teaching. We wish them both the best in their future careers.

Class Structure

Foundation

Mrs. Mills

Mrs. Thompson

 

Year 1-2

Mrs. Beaumont

Mrs Sutton/Mrs Sutherland

Miss McBean

Ms Spiers

A positon to be filled

 

Year 3

Miss Radziminski

Miss Geer

Mrs. Minchew

 

Year 4  (Carlsruhe)

Mr. Spilsted

Mrs. Ireland

Mr. Condon

 

Year 5-6

Mr. Chamerski

Miss Harrap

Miss Quinn

 

We are also pleased to welcome our new teaching staff for next year :

Miss Quinn                         Year 5-6

Miss McBean                     Year 1-2                               

Mrs. Anders                       French

Mr. Corelli                           Performing Arts (Music/drama with Mr. Bromley)

 

Integration

Due to the great success of our explicit intervention programs this year we have provided extra targeted support to over 50 students. As intervention will continue to be a focus, we are pleased to announce that we have added another Integration Aide to our team. We would like to welcome

Mrs. Terri Bosanko          Integration Aide

2019 School Captains

Myself, Victoria and our current School Captains have just had the pleasure of interviewing 23 students who applied for the 2019 positions.

We  commend the students on their courage in applying and going through the arduous process of a written application, presentation to the whole of the Year 4/5/6 cohort and then an interview with 6 panel members.

The final decision was particularly difficult due to the high quality of applicants. Of course we can only choose 4 and we choose the best people for the role. This is based on many factors including their school history of behaviour and attendance, living our school and community values, their application, speech, interview, consultation with the senior unit teachers and voting done by their peers.  Historically we have had 2 boys and 2 girls as School Captains and Vice Captains. This year we will have 4 School Captains and the structure will be different to the traditional view based on the best people for the role.

Student placement – parent requests

At this stage we are close to completion of class lists and student placements for next year.

As a parent I understand that we all want the best for our students and as parents the focus on our child’s happiness often centres around friendships.

During the student placement process we take many factors into account including gender balance, academic ability, social and emotional ability, behaviour, health issue, disabilities, conflicts between students, family background and issues and lastly friendships. Many parents express they want their children to be with their friends. We encourage you to consider that if you want the best for your student, then you trust in the decisions of the educators who work with your children all day long.

 

We remind you that during class time, whilst students work in co-operative groups and pairs they are not necessarily working with their friends. Most of the socialising is done in the yard.

All children are also given the opportunity to list friends they would like to be with. These are then discussed between teachers to see if they are good combinations. Often children might be friends but this does not translate to working well together. One could be a distraction, they might have different academic levels, one could be dominant.

As class placements have been done we know you will respect and trust our decisions as educators.

Although we do not take parent requests as this impacts on the placement of 424 students I do however appreciate that at times we do need to place a child based on a particular set of factors. If there is a particular concern, or set of circumstances that needs to be considered please make an appointment with me.

Cultural Inclusion Day

Next week we are proud to be hosting our cultural Inclusion day. Although classes have been given a country to celebrate, we will be celebrating all cultures with many activities, songs and books throughout the day.

Over arching our whole day will be a focus on our Indigenous Culture and the traditional/first owners of the land where our school is currently based. The people of the Dja Dja Wurrung are our traditional custodians of the land on which we stand today.

On our Cultural Inclusion Day the library will be our Indigenous Hub. Every class will start off with an acknowledgement to country and we will be unveiling the new sign that we have purchased that acknowledges and explains the history of our traditional owners.

From the Office

Help needed

We need our rabbit cared for over the Christmas break……..can you help?

John & Josh will be away for a couple of weeks and need someone to care for our rabbit while we are away.

24th Dec 2018 till 10th Jan 2019. Fox-proof cage and all food provided plus a little pocket money as well.  Please call John on 0490 382 894

2019 Bookpack ordering

ORDER BEFORE THIS SUNDAY 2ND DEC FOR FREE PROCESSING & DELIVERY  

There will be NO BOOKSELLING DAY IN JANUARY

  • Bookpack Requisites for Year 3 – 6:
    - ORDER ONLINE at www.officemaxschools.com.au – goods will be delivered to the student’s home address NOT to the school
    - order BEFORE 2nd DEC = FREE DELIVERY & guaranteed delivery before 31.12.18
    - order AFTER 2nd DEC = $12.95 per family and delivery before the start of school
    - bus and netbook fees can be paid at the same time as bookpack ordering however payment can be deferred until next year if you prefer
    - to ease the financial pressure on families towards the end of the year, School Council have decided that voluntary contributions will not be required to be paid until Feb 2019 but if you prefer, can be paid via QKR from November 2018
    - There will be NO SPARE PACKS AVAILABLE from the school - bookpacks can continue to be ordered online at Officemax until the end of Term 2
  • Bookpack Requisites for Year Prep – 2
    - students do not receive an individual bookpack – parents pay for their child’s requisites, which are delivered directly to classrooms. Payment for these essential requisites is compulsory and expected and can be made at any time from now. Payment options are:
    1. via www.officemaxschools.com.au – you will still be required to enter your home address however requisites will be delivered in bulk to the school
    2. via QKR anytime from November 2018 onward
    - to ease the financial pressure on families towards the end of the year, School Council have decided that voluntary contributions will not be required to be paid until Feb 2019 but if you prefer, can be paid via QKR from November 2018.

From the WPS School Council Treasurer

In recent editions of the newsletter we have provided information highlighting the importance of the voluntary funds to the overall financial well being of our school.

In recognition of the financial pressure on families towards the end of the year, School Council decided to separate the voluntary funds from the book purchasing process. A request for the voluntary funds will now not be made until February 2019. However, if you wish to make a contribution before the end of this year that can be done via QKR from mid-November.

Furthermore, at the recent School Council meeting it was agreed that for the voluntary contributions in 2019 we will just have a Library Fund and a Building Fund. Whilst these are two areas that require financial attention, these funds were adopted because payments to both are tax deductible. The suggested contribution for each fund will be $70.

Again, we understand that not everyone is in the position to pay $140 per student per year but ask that when the opportunity to do so arrives that you take into consideration the issues highlighted previously.

QKR logon issues:

If you have forgotten your password and are experiencing difficulties with the suggested reset process (eg. wrong postcode supplied), it may be that you have one of the older (pre 2016) accounts. The only fix for these accounts is for QKR to delete them and then the parent to create a new account. If you would like this to occur please send an email to [email protected] with the email address your QKR account is linked to. I will advise when the deletion has occurred and you are able to set up a new account.

If you have a newer QKR account and are experiencing functionality issues, the first thing is to ensure you have installed any upgrades to the app. If you are still having problems, please contact the school and we will be happy to assist.

Compass phone app - TROUBLESHOOTING

  • ensure you have installed the latest upgrade
  • open the program in your browser if you can’t ‘see’ an event…… on the Compass home screen on the phone at the top left, there are 3 horizontal bars. Click on the bars and then click on ‘Open in Browser’. That will open up the same screen you see on your computer and the link to the Events page should be available (you may need to scroll across to the right)
  • Passwords can be reissued immediately by school office staff (please be aware that both parents from the same family use the same login ID and password so if one parent resets the password, this will apply to both parents. Alternative families have separate login details)

Office staff are always happy to assist with password resets or functionality issues.

Payment Methods for School Activities

 

WPS Cultural Inclusion Day

News...

Woodend Primary Schools Cultural Inclusion Day is just around the corner. On Tuesday the 4th of December we are celebrating diversity within our school. All students will be visiting different countries throughout the day where they will celebrate and learn through games, art, music, dance etc. All students are invited to dress up in either traditional dress, flag/ country colours of their choice. To welcome the day of celebration there will be a whole school assembly to acknowledge the traditional land owners of Dja Dja Wurrung, along with the unveiling of our new 'acknowledgement of the land' sign, which will be displayed proudly in the school. Please come and join us during this special assembly, everyone is welcome.


Kylie Minchew | Year 6 Classroom Teacher

Learning Specialist- Student Agency

Senior Unit

News....

No news this week.

Carlsruhe Annexe

News..

We would like to send out a huge thank you to all of the parents and grandparents who have helped make our activity program run so smoothly. A special thanks to Steve Morrison who stepped in to run the Woodwork activity for a few weeks, our resident chef Laura Boyer and Joan Davies who ran the tent building activity.

We would also like to thank Tamara Oldcastle for her donation of tomato plants for our veggie garden.

 

There is a buzz of creative activity around Carlsruhe as we prepare for our Expo on Thursday 13th December. We are designing and creating dioramas to show the settings from our amazing stories.

 

Below are also some examples of some of our tessellating patterns and new Carlsruhe veggie garden designs, which include symmetry and tessellation. The students will also be creating a budget for their garden designs.

 

Zoos Victoria - Phone Cycle

 

Middle Unit 

Years 1 and 2

Students in Year 1/2 have been very busy the last couple of weeks making their own model dinosaurs out of recycled materials such as boxes and paper rolls. They have been studying the features of dinosaurs during our science topic 'Dinosaurs and More' and have tried to add things like claws, wings, spikes, teeth and spiny plates to their models. Students in MU3 have even given their dinosaurs a name!

 

Year 3

This week in Year 3 the students have begun to present their projects to their peers. The due date for the project is the 3rd of December and all teachers are looking forward to seeing the students showcasing their creativity.
In Maths this week, the students have been looking at the volume of 3-Dimensional shapes. They have been using their knowledge of cubic centimetres to construct different regular and irregular shapes and find their volume.
In Literacy the students have continued looking at different kinds of poetry. The students have been analysing a variety of poetry to find the structure they follow, then construct their own. The students have enjoyed learning about similes, metaphors, alliteration and syllables to strengthen their poetry.
This week in Integrated Studies, the students are creating a ‘Maths Board Game’. The students are all excited to play their board game with their Prep Maths Buddies in the coming weeks.
Tomorrow the Year 3s along with the 4/5/6s will head to Hanging Rock to take part in the Cobaw District Schools Orienteering Championships. The students have all been briefed on what to bring and are all looking forward to participating in the event.

 

Junior Unit

News

The Foundation children had a wonderful time trying to design and build the tallest Lego tower during our STEM rotations this week. There was lots of excitement and some anxious moments as the last bricks were placed on the top of the towers. Well done to everyone for persevering with such a tricky task.

 

Student Awards
& Achievements

Students of the Week

JU1 - Madison

For accurately using capital letters and full stops in her weekend recount. Well done Madison!

JU2 - Chloe

For reading with confidence and self correcting along the way. Keep it up.

JU3 - James

For making a huge effort to improve his reading and writing, and for having a go at things he’s not sure about.

MU1 - Lincoln

For the pride he took, and effort he made when completing his dinosaur information reports.

MU2 - Mercedes

For her efforts to adjust her voice to suit the text type when reading out loud. Fantastic work!

MU3 - Alex

For insightful contribution to our science lessons. WELL DONE ALEX!

MU4 - Saffron

Great improvement in her mathematics and for being a great role model.

MU4 - Ellie

For showing great improvement in her handwriting and for helping in the classroom.

MU5 - Hayden

Always having a smile on his face even when he faces a challenge.

MU6 - Taylah

For Creating a wonderful string poem with lots of great verbs. You rock Taylah!

MU7 - Sophie

For teaching Mrs Beaumont how to make an Origami Snitch! Excellent effort!

MU8 - Joshua

The enthusiasm he is showing while studying poetry. Keep it up!

CU1 - Jeff

Showing accuracy and persistence when creating his detailed and precise tessalating design.

CU1 - Diesel

For being an awesome role model and being thoughtful and supportive of others.

CU2 - Nil

CU3 - Jasmine

For displaying determination, effort and positivity in learning her times tables and division facts. Congratulations on your Blast Off certificate!

CU4 - Zoey

For successfully completing the Premiers’ Reading Challenge and reading many books from the Challenge list. You’re a star Zoey!

SU1 - Connor

For giving 110% of himself into everything this week. You Rock!

SU2 -Kate

Always having a super positive attitude towards all her work and putting in 100%, absolutely AWESOME work!

Artists of the Week

Year 4 have just completed building their castles. They used boxes and cardboard to make the castle. Good work Year 4.  

 

Our 'Artists of the Week' students are:

Jamie, Amber, Carla, Finn, Billy, Noah, Archie, Sean, Lennox, Dylan, Ollie, Matilda, Sharnie, Grace, Lucie, Audrey, Emma, Rose, Tennyson &  Harley.

Canteen

CANTEEN ROSTER

November

29th  NO help needed

30th  Lauren, Alice


December

5th  Help needed

6th  NO help needed

7th  Nyssa, Help needed

  • Please contact me if you can help at [email protected] or mobile 0411 558 557.  Remember its only 9-12.30pm and your child(ren) receives a free icy pole and the chance to see their carer behind the counter.

News

  • Urgent - volunteers are needed next week 5th and 7th December.
  • The last day for Canteen is Wed 19th Dec which is SUSHI DAY.
  • please remind your child(ren) to place their own lunch bag in the classroom tub prior to 9am.

Sushi Day 19.12.18

Orders via Qkr only.

Sushi orders went out via Compass.

No other lunches will be available on this day.

 

Qkr

  • Please ensure your child(ren) have the correct details on Qkr. 
  • When ordering from Qkr, please purchase a lunch bag first, if you're not supplying your own. 
  • Term 4: NO CASH ORDERS WILL BE ACCEPTED.  Please see the office staff for help loading Qkr.

Library

News

Phew.....this week was the last week for borrowing from the library.  it seems to have gone by very, very fast.  Thank you to all those who have found overdue books.  They are slowly but surely trickling back in, which is great.

 

Returning ALL Library Books

  • All library books will need to be returned by  Friday 7th  December 2018.
  • Year 4 library books - Monday 10th December.

 

Susan Machell

Library

Movember 2018

Mogress Report

We have raised $1,562 so far with one more day to go. We wanted to beat $1,797 but given we have one less member this year, we are super happy with what we have raised this year.


If you would like to make a cash donation instead of an online donation, that is totally fine. See one of the Movember team members (Mr. Spilsted, Mr. Condon or Mr. Bruns) and hand your donation to them and they will donate it on your behalf for you. They can also provide you with a receipt if you would like one for tax purposes.

https://moteam.co/woodend-primary-school

Thank you, everyone, for your ongoing support, encouragement and more importantly the generous donations that we have received thus far.
Please go to the link and donate as much money as you possibly can. All donations over $2 are tax deductible.

Mr. Spilsted, Mr. Condon and Mr. Bruns

 

Lapathon

News

Thank you to everyone who has returned Lapathon sponsorship money.

Your support is greatly appreciated.

 

Prizes are going out as quickly as possible.  Please be patient - the canteen can only do so many ice-creams and shakes each day and I only have a short time to give out prizes.  You should receive your prize soon.

 

Its not too late to still bring in sponsorship money (either cash or Qkr). 

The Grand Prize draw will be in December, so we will be giving out prizes until then.

 

Thank you for your support.

Sandra Mann

Gardening Group

Woodend Community Children's Garden

Where:  WPS Community Children’s Garden

When:  12.45-2.00pm Mondays - parent help required with lunchtime Kid’s Garden Club

2.00-3.30pm Mondays - parents' gardening session (pruning and garden maintenance)

BYO: Gardening gloves, sturdy shoes, weather appropriate clothing

Sign in: Please sign in at the Office before gardening

Contact: Nicole Middleton 0418 233 366

News..

Thanks to everyone who helped prepare and purchased goodies from the Year 6 Garden Produce stall.  A big pat on the back to Lachlan, Thomas and friends for spending their weekend collecting alpaca garden fertilizer (aka alpaca poo), which was sold at the stall together with pot plants, herbs and vegies  All money raised goes towards covering the cost of the Year 6 end of school trip to Fun Fields. 

 

Student Banking

8 Deposits - Choose your reward

Kurtis, Catherine, Ethan

9 Deposits - Your reward has been ordered

Caitlyn, Polly, Kate, Ryan, Isabelle, Cruz, Sam, Flynn, Charlotte

10 Deposits - Your reward has been sent home

Start typing your article in here...

End of year Banking and Reward ordering cut off

  • Our final School Banking day for 2018 is Wednesday 19th December.
  • If you have received a Reward slip, please  hand it back in with your banking by next week to ensure your reward will be delivered this year.   
  • Any Reward slips received after the 30th November wont be delivered to school until 2019.
  • Your Dollarmite token tally will be rolled over to 2019.

Term 4 Rewards - NEW

  • New for Term 4 - Slushie Cup Maker and Zoom Flying Disc

Uniform Shop

Grade 6 Jacket Order

The Grade 6 Jackets have arrived! Please remember that purchase of a Grade 6 jacket is not a compulsory purchase however they are offered as an acknowledgement of reaching Grade 6.

 

If you would like to purchase a Grade 6 Jacket, there are a couple of purchase options:

  • Place your order and pay immediately via QKR (free phone app). The jacket will be given to your child within the week.
  • Come into the Uniform Shop on a normal selling day by the end of the year  (Tuesdays 8.45 – 9.15am or Thursdays 3 – 4pm).

We know the students are very keen to have their jackets from Day One in Grade 6. Please be conscious that the office staff are extremely busy in the first few weeks of the new school year so it is not recommended that you send money with your child at the beginning of the year with the expectation they will be provided with a jacket. One of the above options is preferable.

 

Recently students were sized for a jacket and a note advising the estimated appropriate size for your child was sent home. You are welcome to order a different size if you prefer.

 

Jackets cost $35 each. Please remember to name the jacket clearly.

Lost Property

Lost property is located just in front of the uniform shop and part of keeping it under control is that I will return any clearly named items to the class room. To do this, I need a readable first and last name, although if room is an issue a first initial and last name will also work.

Name Stamp for clothing

I have also found a Name Stamp that can be used on uniforms that does not wash off.

This is the website on where to find it.        

https://stamptastic.co.uk/

Uniform Shop Hours

Tuesday: 8.45am - 9.15am

Thursday: 3pm - 4pm

Michelle Wearne

Uniform Shop

Community
News

Local Community

 

Michael Grose: Parent Insights

Technology holiday guide for parents
 

As holidays approach, the role that screens and devices will play becomes an increasing concern for parents. Days when kids are usually tied up with school and activities make way for many an idle hour and, as such, parents fear those hours will be spent largely engaged with a screen or gaming console. While there is certainly no harm in some well-balanced screen time and developmentally appropriate online activities, we must remember that, as parents, we have an important role in helping our kids manage and balance that screen time. Here are a few things we can do:

Understand the battle
It is important parents know the beast they are dealing with. It is easy to shout from another room to get off a screen or whinge to our friends that ‘kids of today’ are all addicted to their phones, but we need to recognise the pull that many of these devices have. The social networks are designed to keep us liking, commenting and sharing. The games cajole us into having ‘just one more’ turn at being the last man standing. These technologies tempt us to reach just one more level, or to scroll for just a few minutes more. Our brains experience a dopamine release and a sense of insufficiency when we use a device. There is always something else to do or something else to scroll through, or one more YouTube video to watch. So our kids are up against it when trying to control their time on a device. We need to help them with that.

Get outside
We can complain that kids never go outside and play anymore, but sometimes we have to physically get out there with them or offer opportunities in which being outside and active play are appealing. We have to work a little harder at this today because we are competing with a device that answers many of our kids' perceived needs. We need them to know that their needs are greater and more varied than what their screens can offer.

Have some rules
Despite their apparent dislike of rules around technology, kids will (one day) appreciate having boundaries to help them manage their screen time. Rules can be established regarding time limits, devices in bedrooms, device-free meal times, etc. Whatever you decide is important, be sure that you have those discussions with your kids. And any discussion around rules or consequences should happen away from the screens so they are clear on the expectations. (Talking about their screen-time habits while they are just about to be the last man standing on Fortnite is probably not going to make for engaging conversation.)

One console on one television...outside the bedroom
Having only one television that is connected to a gaming console or to Netflix is a good way of ensuring that the device gets shared and one child doesn’t monopolise the screen. And leave consoles out of bedrooms where the appeal of just one more quick game can very quickly rob them of important sleep time.

Role model
Make sure you are showing your kids how you want them to be. Have times when the devices are put away and you give full attention to the people around you. Don’t answer calls or emails at the dinner table. Don’t fall asleep with a device landing on your forehead. Take time to get outside and do things active and in nature. Don’t ever use a phone while driving. Use the Screen Time feature on iOS products to monitor just how you are using your technology and whether you could be making some changes. Kids learn more from what we do than what we say.

We know the technology isn’t going anywhere, and we know there are many wonderful benefits that screens provide. But ensure that holidays and downtime hours can be filled with many different experiences and in ways that leave your kids in control, even if you have to work a little harder to give them that.

School Information

Whole School Assembly

Every Friday at 3pm in the school hall

Student Banking

Wednesday: Hand in books via classroom

Thursday: Books processed and returned to the classroom

Uniform Shop

Tuesdays       8.45 am - 9.15 am

Thursdays     3.00 pm - 4.00 pm

Woodend Primary School Newsletter
Uniform Order Form.pdf
Qkr - Uniform Shop Orders - HOW TO....pdf